THE GS TRAM SITE

SAN FRANCISCO

CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES

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30 June 2007

The system soon after the introduction of the new T-Third Light Rail Line (on 7 Apr. 2007).




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GS Web Site Home


San Francisco streetcar San Francisco cable car San Francisco BART train San Francisco BART train

San Francisco tram subway cable car map




I created the above map by overlaying an OpenStreetMap (OSM) map with my own data. Copyright on the OSM map is © OpenStreetMap & Contributors, licensed under a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licence).

Please note that the OSM map used as a template for this map corresponds to the situation at the time the map was downloaded and may show features that did not exist at the time the GS Tram Site is supposed to show. In particular, it may show bridges and highways that were built later.


ROUTES

Operator: San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)

STREETCAR ROUTES

F Fisherman's Wharf - Market Street - Castro [Heritage streetcar route]
J Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Church St. - Balboa Park
K Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal - Ocean Ave. - Balboa Park (Interworking with line T)
L Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - Taraval St. - San Francisco Zoo
M Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal - 19th Av. - Broad St. - Balboa Park
N Caltrain Station - Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Judah St. - Ocean Beach
S Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Castro
T Sunnyside St. - Baysview - Caltrain Station - Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal (Interworking with line K)

CABLE CAR ROUTES

  C Financial District - California St. - Van Ness Av.
PH Powell & Market - Powell St. - Hyde St. - Aquatic Park
PM Powell & Market - Powell St. - Mason St. - Fisherman's Wharf

BART (SUBWAY) ROUTES

RED Richmond – Berkeley - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City/Colma
GREEN Fremont – Oakland Airport - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City
ORANGE Richmond – Berkeley - Oakland - Oakland Airport - Fremont
YELLOW Pittsburg/Bay Point – Concord - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City
BLUE Dublin/Pleasanton – Oakland Airport - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City - San Franciso International Airport/Millbrae


CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SYSTEM

NETWORK LENGTH

  • Streetcar lines: 50 km.
  • Cable car lines: 8 km.
  • BART (Subway) lines: 167 km.


HISTORY

  • San Francisco streetcars: (horse-drawn) 4 July 1860 - 1882; (electric) 1892 - today.
  • San Francisco cable-cars: 1 Sept. 1873 - today.
  • BART (Subway): 11 Sept. 1972 - today.
  • Key System (Interurbans): 26 Oct. 1903 - (Into San Francisco only from 15 Jan. 1939, following the opening of the Bay Street Bridge on 12 Nov. 1936) - 20 Apr. 1958.
  • East Bay Electric Lines (Interurbans) (from Dec. 1938 Interurban Electric Railway (IER)): 1911 - July 1941
  • Northern Electric Railroad (Interurbans) (from 1925 Sacramento Northern Railway): 1905 - 1941
  • San Mateo Interurban: 27 Apr. 1892 - 15 Jan. 1949
  • Oakland-Berkeley streetcars: (horse-drawn) 1869 - 1893; (electric) 1891 - 28 Nov. 1948
  • Oakland cable-cars: 1886 - ?

GAUGE

  • Streetcars: 1435 mm. (some early streetcar lines of the predecessors of the Key System in Oakland were 1067 mm. [3 1/2"])
  • Cable-cars: 1067 mm.
  • BART (Subway): 1676 mm.
  • Interurbans: 1435 mm.

TRAM PRESERVATION

The San Francisco Railway Museum displays many relics of the streetcar and cable car history of the city. The Market Street Railway operates many historic streetcars over actual line F of the San Francisco streetcar system (Muni). The cable car system has its own museum at the Cable Car Museum at Washington and Mason.

The Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista Junction, Suisun City, about 40 miles (65 km.) north-east of San Francisco, has both restored heritage streetcars and interurbans in its collection, running them on museum tracks for visitors.


SOURCES

PRINT

  • "Around San Francisco Bay", The Bulletin - National Railway Historical Society, 1970 (35: 2), p.10-52.
  • "Balancing act on Fillmore", Inside Track, 2014 (No.1), p.7-10.
  • Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part I)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Oct. 1984 (47: 155), p.339-347.
  • Demoro, H.W. "A documented account of the conversion from rail service to motor bus bv the Key System", National Railway Bulletin, 1979 (44: 6), p.4 - 44.
  • Dodge, J.W. et al. "Key System interurban lines", The Western Railroader, date ?, p.3-14.
  • From shore to shore: The Key Route [San Francisco (?)]: Peralta Associates, 1948.
  • "East Bay transit: Oakland-Berkeley streetcars, 1937-1948", The Western Railroader, May 1973 (36: issue 397), p.2-8.
  • Laflin, A.H. (Jr) "A chronology of changes in San Francisco Street RY routes since 1944", Timepoints Special Reference Supplement No. 7, June 1953.
  • Laubscher, R. On track - A field guide to San Francisco's historic streetcars & cable cars. Berkeley: Heyday, 2014.
  • "Los Angeles and San Francisco", The Modern Tramway, Nov. 1949 (12: 143), p.221-224.
  • Market Street Railway Co. [Timetable and route map]. San Francisco, May 1941.
  • "Municipal Railway of San Francisco", The Western Railroader, Aug. 1961 (24: 8), p.2-12.
  • Rice, W. "Andrew Smith Hallidie's cable legacy", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 1999 (67: 736), p.136-139.
  • Rice, W. "San Francisco rail is moving forward", Tramways & Urban Transit, Sept. 1998 (61: 729), p.336-339.
  • Rice, W. & Echeverria, E. The Key System: San Francisco and the Eastshore Empire. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
  • "Richmond Shipyard Railway", The Western Railroader / The Western Railfan, Sept. 1981 (44: 491), p.1-8.
  • Russell, M. "San Francisco's decade of achievement", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 2010 (73: 868), p.156-157.
  • Russell, M. "Waterfront torpedoes", Tramways & Urban Transit, Feb. 2017 (80: 950), p.76-77.
  • "San Francisco Municipal Railway, 1950-1964", The Western Railroader, Jan. 1965 (28: 1), p.2-16.
  • "San Francisco Municipal Railway - Merger of 1944", The Western Railroader, 1963 (26: ?), p.2-24.
  • Sappers, V. Key System streetcars Berkeley: Signature Press, 2007.
  • Smallwood, C. The White Front cars of San Francisco Glendale (CA): Interurbans, 1978
  • Townley, R.P. San Francisco transit milestones Manuscript, 2005.
  • Vielbaum, W., Hoffman, P., Ute, G. & Townley, R. San Francisco's Market Street Railway. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
  • Vielbaum, W., Townley, R., Rice, W., Echeverria, E. & Holmgren, D. San Francisco's interurban to San Mateo. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2005.

WIKIS

WEB SITES

Special thanks to Bob Townley of Fairfield, CA for his kind suggestions for improving these pages on the history of the rail-based urban transit network of the San Francisco area.



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